What is PWM?

PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) is a way to control analog devices using digital output. PWM “fakes” an analog-like result by applying power in pulses, or short bursts of the regulated voltage. 

Pulse Width Modulation Test

For more info read Arduino's explanation of PWM

What is Firmata?

Firmata is a generic protocol for communicating with microcontrollers from software on a host computer. It is intended to work with any host computer software package. There are implementations for multiple microcontrollers and host software packages.

Program Arduino with the StandardFirmata Sketch

On the Arduino IDE, open the sketch using File -> Examples -> Firmata -> StandardFirmata.

Firmata Examples

  • Follow the FAQ (How do I reprogram the Arduino on the BB-400?) to reprogram the Arduino using the StandardFirmata sketch.
  • Since we are going to use Node-RED to communicate with the Arduino, you will need to uninstall the BB-IO-Server package. The command to uninstall the BB-IO-Server is:

    $ sudo apt-get remove -y bb-io-server

Install Firmata on Node-RED

On Node-RED go to Manage Palette and install the Firmata package.

Installing Firmata

You will get these nodes

Arduino Node

Create Node-RED flow to perform PWM on DIO4 LED

Arduino output node settings

Serial port address: /dev/serial/by-id/usb-Arduino_LLC_Arduino_Micro-if00

Node-Red Setup

Slider node settings

Slider Node Settings

Connect slider output to the Arduino output node.

Slider Node

Deploy the flow. Wait for a few seconds for the Arduino node to connect to the pins on the Arduino.

Use the slider to dim/brighten the DIO4 LED

Analog Slider

BB-400 IOs